Gujarat State
Gujarat State is the most important place of production of cotton and salt. Also, Mahatma Gandhi, the father of Indian nation, is Gujarati. Between 2005 and 2006, heavy rains brought by monsoon causing severe flooding and killed thousands of lives. It is estimated that climate change will bring the western Indian state more storms and flooding can not be predicted.

The Maldives is an archipelago consisting of 1,200 islands in the Indian Ocean. Most famous for the beautiful scenery: white beaches, swaying palm trees, colorful corals and abundant sunshine. 80 percent of the average height of the Maldives is less than one meter. If rising sea levels continue to change the global climate, this beautiful paradise might disappear under the sea sooner or later.

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, located in the Chao Phraya Delta. It is the center of political, economic, cultural and education from Thailand. Bangkok positioned low and always threatened by floods during the rainy season. In addition, geological formations, urbanization and the excessive exploitation of ground water to produce rapid damage to land in Bangkok. It is estimated that most of the city of Bangkok will sink below sea level until the end of this century.

Cherrapunji, India, 1290 feet above sea level, receives the majority of annual rainfall is greatest in the world. But 98 percent of local rainfall occurs from March to October every year, and only four months remaining, would be a rather dry climate. There is no reservoir for storage of rain water in there. Also for global climate change recently, environmental pollution, deforestation and soil erosion, local residents do not even get enough water to live in the dry season.

Komodo Island
Komodo Island in Indonesia is most famous for the clarity of the sea and diverse tropical marine life, so be it Mecca divers worldwide. What else is known on the island of Komodo is the world’s largest lizard – the Komodo. Rising sea levels already threatens the existence of coastal mangrove forests and beaches. Meanwhile, acidification and changes in ocean water temperature can kill corals around the island.

There are about 1,200 red-crowned cranes living in the city of Kushiro Wetland Hokkaido, Japan. This is a paradise for rare breeding birds. large-scale hunting by humans and sea level rises, the Kushiro wetland is reduced year by year. And habitat of Red-crowned crane is also much reduced.

Indus River
Indus River comes from the glaciers in the Himalayas and more than 3000 kilometers. This created a jungle river, places and villages along the road, thereby becoming an important source for irrigation. Smaller glaciers and changes in the irregular rainfall could increase the local water shortage problem

Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia is the third largest island in the world. Approximately 50 percent of the island is covered by primitive forest. And other rare species live in tropical forests, mysterious. however, excessive logging, palm oil plantation expansion and the construction of roads, causing the shrinking of tropical forests. global climate change also resulted in the extinction of local flora and the spread of malaria. High temperatures and dry also increase the danger of forest fires.

Siberian Altai
Altai mountains of southern Siberia biogeographic region is mountainous western Siberia. This region is the most complete sequence of vegetation zones in Siberia, halted from pasture, forest, mixed forest, subalpine vegetation to alpine vegetation. This site is also an important habitat for rare animal species like snow leopard. Of the last century, temperatures in this region continues to increase, and researchers that in coming decades will threaten the unique ecological system.

Mount Qomolangma
Mount Qomolangma is the highest mountain on Earth above sea level, and the highest point on earth. Various kinds of endangered rare animals inhabit here, including snow leopards, pandas also live on the lower side and so on. Scientists have claimed that about two-thirds of the glacier has melted. melting glaciers could cause the expansion of glacial lakes that would lead to several natural disasters including floods and landslides.


According to Mitchell Baker, founder and Chairperson of the Mozilla Corporation, more than 70 percent of internet users in Indonesia use Firefox browser.

Compared to data of the Indonesia Association of Internet Service Providers (APJII) in 2010 which mentions that the number of internet users in Indonesia reaches 30 million, it is apparent that those using Firefox browser reaches 21 million.

"We're focusing on developing localized services which draw Firefox to daily lives," Mitchell Baker told in Jakarta on Monday, Sept 27. "We're not here to seek revenue but providing people in every country with what they need."

Baker said that Mozilla also embraces local developers. "There are various resources that can be used to build Firefox with local taste," said Baker.

"Firefox has made available 72 local languages including bahasa Indonesia. However, Indonesia has quite unique users," said Baker. "Around 80 to 85 percent users instead use English."

Baker stated that two key factors that lead Firefox to success are developing local browsers and enabling easy customization of its products. "In addition, we're aiming at building local communities which are in the know of the locals' need for internet browsers," he said.


New startup has only been launched in Indonesia. Sitti has indexed more than 20 terabytes of data; comprising 12 million articles, 12 million Twitter accounts, 10 million Facebook conversations, 20 thousand words of slang and 2.7 billion Google search terms– all in Bahasa Indonesia and all to make mathematical sense of Bahasa language context, so that it can match ads to content better than Google.

Sitti may seem optimistic, for Google has yet to fully go deep into its AdSense business in the country. However, during its visit to Indonesia a while ago, the Internet giant stated that it is ready to grow its market here.

The six-month old startup then introduced itself to the public on Wednesday, Nov 24.

"Within the period of between October 1 and November 5, 2010, we have indexed more than 600 million pages of websites and blogs and display 330 ads of 330 brands," Sitti CEO Andy Sjarif told reporters.

Nonetheless, Sitti is nothing compared to Google as regards indexing. Google records more than one trillion pages of websites and blogs globally which comprise 129 international languages.

"They're great and mighty. Google is superior on the search engine issue. But we're better than them at the contextual advertising," he claimed.

A comparison between Google AdSense and Sitti through the A-B split test shows that Sitti's local ads which are more relevant toward contents available on websites or blogs are mostly chosen by users.

"Google only deals with languages. Indeed they have Google Translator. Unfortunately, the technology has yet to detect bahasa Indonesia properly as far as linguistics is concerned," said Andy.

Andy recognized that Google is no ordinary competitor. Therefore, Sitti invites a number of partners such as megaportal or bloggers for placing Sitti banners on their webpages.

"Google is coming to Indonesia to conquer the market. We're ready to challenge Google by the support of local partners. Hey, Google, come to Indonesia!" said Andy.

Sitti cites the example of ZAO Begun in Russia, which Google tried to buy for $140 million before it was blocked by the Russian government, as evidence that language can be a powerful differentiator on the Web.


Here is's Top 10 Most Desirable Women of 2010 :

1. Emmanuelle Chriqui
emmanuelle chriquiEmmanuelle Sophie Anne Chriqui (born December 10, 1977) is a Canadian actress who has appeared on both television and in cinema. She is perhaps best known for her role on HBO's Entourage as Sloan McQuewick, as well as the love interest of Adam Sandler in the movie You Don't Mess with the Zohan.

2. Marisa Miller
marisa millerMarisa Lee Miller (born August 6, 1978) is an American model best known for her appearances in the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issues, and her work for lingerie retailer Victoria's Secret. After a stint shooting with photographer Mario Testino for fashion magazines like Vogue,Miller began working for both companies in 2002. In 2007, she became a Victoria's Secret Angel, and graced the cover of the 2008 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue to record-setting numbers. Her accomplishments have led to her being dubbed the "return of the great American supermodel."

She is also known for contracts with companies like Harley-Davidson, for whom she is the first spokesperson in the history of the company. Miller is considered a sex symbol; she ranked #1 on Maxim magazine's 2008 "Hot 100" list and in FHM's global 2010 "Sexiest Women in the World" poll. Aside from modeling, she is an ambassador for the American Cancer Society.

3. Kate Beckinsale
kate beckinsaleKathryn Romany "Kate" Beckinsale (born 26 July 1973) is an English actress. She first gained notice, while a student at Oxford University, for making her debut in the film adaptation of Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing. Throughout the 1990s, she worked on both film and television, most notably by portraying the title character in the 1996 ITV television series Emma. In 2001, Beckinsale garnered international recognition when she was cast as the romantic lead opposite Ben Affleck in her breakthrough film, Pearl Harbor (2001). Since then, she has portrayed a variety of characters in projects such as Underworld (2003), The Aviator (2004), and Van Helsing (2004). In 2008, she earned a Critic's Choice Award nomination for her performance in Nothing But the Truth.

4. Alessandra Ambrosio
Alessandra AmbrosioAlessandra Corine Ambrósio (born April 11, 1981) is a Brazilian model. Described by Tyra Banks as "the future of the modeling world", Ambrosio is best known for her work with Victoria's Secret and was chosen as the first spokesmodel for the company's "PINK" line. Ambrosio is currently one of the Victoria's Secret Angels and the former face of the UK company Next.

Aside from modeling work, Ambrosio serves as an ambassador for the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Ambrosio was also selected by as Number 2 out of the "Top 99 Most Desirable Women of 2008".

5. Jessica Alba
jessica albaJessica Marie Alba (born April 28, 1981) is an American television and film actress.

Alba is considered a sex symbol and often generates media attention for her looks. She appears frequently on the "Hot 100" section of Maxim and was voted number one on's list of "99 Most Desirable Women" in 2006, as well as "Sexiest Woman in the World" by FHM in 2007. The use of her image on the cover of the March 2006 Playboy sparked a lawsuit by her, which was later dropped. She has also won various awards for her acting, including the Choice Actress Teen Choice Award and Saturn Award for Best Actress on Television, and a Golden Globe nomination for her lead role in the television series Dark Angel.

6. Beyonce
beyonceBeyoncé Giselle Knowles (born September 4, 1981), often known simply as Beyoncé (pronounced /biˈjɒnseɪ/ bee-YON-say), is an American Pop/R&B singer, songwriter, actress and fashion designer. Born and raised in Houston, Texas, she enrolled in various performing arts schools and was first exposed to singing and dancing competitions as a child. Knowles rose to fame in the late 1990s as the lead singer of the R&B girl group Destiny's Child, one of the world's best-selling girl groups of all time.

7. Penelope Cruz
penelope cruzPenélope Cruz Sánchez (born April 28, 1974), better known as Penélope Cruz, is a Spanish actress.

She was the first Spanish actress in history to receive an Academy Award, and the sixth Spanish actor overall.

8. Cheryl Cole
cheryl coleCheryl Cole (born Cheryl Ann Tweedy on 30 June 1983 in Newcastle upon Tyne, England) is an English singer-songwriter, dancer, model and celebrity. Cole rose to fame when she was selected to become a member of girlgroup Girls Aloud on ITV's reality television programme Popstars The Rivals in late 2002.

9. Eva Mendes
eva mendesEva Mendes (born March 5, 1974) is an American actress. She began acting in the late 1990s, and after a series of roles in several low-end films, she broke into more mainstream Hollywood releases, such as 2 Fast 2 Furious, Hitch, We Own the Night and The Spirit.

10. Miranda Kerr
miranda kerrMiranda May Kerr (born 20 April 1983) is an Australian model best known as one of the Victoria's Secret Angels since mid-2007. She is the first Australian to participate in the Victoria's Secret campaign, and also represents Australian fashion chains Portmans and David Jones. Kerr began modeling in the fashion industry when she was 13, starting at Chaay's Modelling Agency, and soon after winning a 1997 Australian nationwide model search hosted by Dolly magazine and Impulse fragrances.

She is married to actor Orlando Bloom, and they are expecting their first child in January 2011.


Indonesia has the highest number of volcanoes than any other country in the world, crossed by the ring of fire which crosses through Indonesia and on through the Pacific ocean. Indonesia has over 400 volcanoes, with over 100 of these active.

Here is the top 10 Volcanoes in Indonesia, not based on size but more for activity and spectacular scenery to visit and/or climb.

# 1 Mount Merapi

mount-merapiGunung Merapi meaning 'Fire mountain' is located close to Jogjakarta in Java. The first recorded activity of Gunung Merapi was in 1548 though historians note that Borobudur was destroyed in the 11th century by a violent eruption. Gunung Merapi still has high volcanic activity. Each year 7 million cubic tones is erupted and added to it's slopes. When it is quiet flights can be organised at night to fly over the volcano to views it's lava flow down the eastern side of the mountain.

Recent background

In late October 2010 the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, Geological Agency (CVGHM), (Indonesian language—Pusat Vulkanologi & Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, Badan Geologi-PVMBG), reported that a pattern of increasing seismicity from Merapi had begun to emerge in early September. Observers at Babadan 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) west and Kaliurang 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the mountain reported hearing an avalanche on 12 September 2010. On 13 September 2010 white plumes were observed rising 800 metres (2,600 ft) above the crater.Lava Dome inflation, detected since March, increased from background levels of 0.1 millimetres (0.0039 in) to 0.3 millimetres (0.012 in) per day to a rate of 11 millimetres (0.43 in) per day on 16 September. On 19 September 2010 earthquakes continued to be numerous, and the next day CVGHM raised the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1–4). Lava from Mount Merapi began flowing down the Gendol River on 23–24 October signalling the likelihood of an imminent eruption.

On 25 October 2010 the Indonesian government raised the alert for Mount Merapi to its highest level (4) and warned villagers in threatened areas to move to safer ground. People living within a 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) zone were told to evacuate. The evacuation orders effected at least 19,000 people however the number that complied at the time remained unclear to authorities.Officials said about 500 volcanic earthquakes had been recorded on the mountain over the weekend of 23–24 October, and that the magma had risen to about a 1 kilometre (3,300 ft) below the surface due to the seismic activity

Eruptive events

Merapi erupted three times on Monday afternoon 25 October 2010, spewing lava down its southern and southeastern slopes. Three major eruptions were recorded at 2:04PM, 2:24PM and 3:15PM.On 25 October 222 volcanic seismic events and 454 avalanche seismic events were recorded by Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation monitoring staff at Merapi.

The eruptions on 26 October started at 5:02PM. By 6:54PM pyroclastic activity had begun to subside following 12 eruption associated events being recorded by CVGHM monitors. In the 24 hours of 26 October 232 volcanic seismic events, 269 avalanche seismic events, 4 lava flow seismic events and 6 heat clouds were recorded by CVGHM monitoring staff at Merapi. The eruptive events of 26 October were classified as an explosive event with volcanic bursts of ejected material, visable flame and pyroclastic hot air flows. A column of smoke rose from the top to a vertical distance of 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) from the summit of Mount Merapi.

On Friday 29 October activity including lava ejection and hot ash clouds were reported to be increasing again.

By early on the morning of Saturday 30 October the volcano was erupting again. Sri Sumarti, head of the Merapi section at the Volcano Investigation and Technology Development Institution (BPPTK), reported the eruptions were louder and stronger than the eruptions of the 26 October. Those earlier eruptions on the previous Tuesday killed 34 people. Ash from the eruptions on 30 October fell more than 30 kilometres (19 mi) away and now included ash falls upon the city of Yogyakarta. The morning eruptions lasted for 22 minutes and heat clouds flowed into the Krasak and Boyong Rivers also rising 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) into the air, westward toward Magelang. Yogyakarta’s Adisucipto Airport was temporarily closed from 5AM. to 7AM. On 30 October, Subandrio, head of the BPPTK suggested there would be further eruptions as lava continued to push it's way up into the volcano's lave dome.

On 3 November heat clouds travelled up to 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away from the eruption forcing the government to evacuate people from within the refugee camps set up to accommodate those already dislocated by the volcano. Eruptions on the afternoon of Wednesday 3 November followed a morning eruption that sent hot gas clouds down the volcano's slopes. The volcano spewed clouds of ash and gas 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) into the sky for more than an hour on Wednesday 3 November. The eruptions of that day were reported as being the largest since the eruptions commenced.

"This is the first time that the eruption has continued for more than an hour, so I decided to move the shelters to 15 km away from the summit", Surono, head of Indonesia's vulcanology agency, told Indonesia's Metro TV network on 3 November. The shelters had previously been set up 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away. Surono added that the energy from the eruption on 3 November was three times greater than that of the first eruption in the previous week.Bambang Ervan, a spokesman from the Transportation Ministry, said an official warning had been issued to all airlines to “use alternative routes for safety reasons due to the volcanic ash.” From 2 November several airlines including Garuda, AirAsia and Silkair international flights to both Yogyakarta and Solo were either suspended or re-routed due to the eruptive activity.


On 26 October at least 18 people, including one 2-month old baby, were found dead due to burns and respiratory failure caused by hot ashes from the eruption.Thousands were evacuated within a radius of 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) around the slopes of the volcano.

By Wednesday 27 October the death toll had risen to at least 25. The death toll included an elder,Mbah Maridjan (grandfather Marijan), known as the volcano's spiritual gatekeeper who was found dead at his home approximately 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the peak. The Yogyakarta Palace subsequently confirmed his death. The 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) exclusion zone remained in place at the volcano with evacuation and ongoing search and rescue activities continuing at the site in an attempt to locate further victims of the previous days eruptions.

Later reports on the 27 October revised the toll upward to 30 persons recorded at Yogyakarta's Dr. Sardjito Hospital with 17 hospitalized, mostly with burns, respiratory problems and other injuries. Earlier on 27 October two of the 28 bodies at the hospital had been identified. Yuniawan Nugroho, an editor with the news portal, was reported to have been killed while conducting reportage on the night of Tuesday 26 October, the other was later identified as Indonesian Tutur Priyanto, a 36 year man working for the Red Cross as a volunteer on the mountain. Tutur Priyanto had been retrieving and escorting residents from the slopes of the mountain. After making many trips he returned for a further ascent at 3:00PM to assist others to come off the mountain and died during one of the subsequent eruptive events. As of 1 November, 2010, the death toll from Mount Merapi's blasts had climbed to 38.

Lava Dome deformation

During the 4th week of October 2010 deformation measurements were performed by Electric Distance Measurement (EDM), utilising reflectors mounted around the summit of Mount Merapi. The measurement results Indicated a rapidly increasing rate of growth of the lava dome in the build up to the eruptive events of 25–26 October 2010.

At the end of September 2010, the peak inflation rate of the lava dome at Mount Merapi was measured by EDM at an average growth rate of 6 millimetres (0.24 in). The subsequent rate of inflation up until October 21, 2010 reached 105 millimetres (4.1 in) per day. The inflation rate then increased very sharply, reaching 420 millimetres (17 in) per day by 24 October 2010. By the 25 October the average grow rate, measured from 6 EDM points over 24-25 October had risen to 500 millimetres (20 in) per day, the top of dome having by then reached a height of 6,858.635 metres (22,502.08 ft) above sea level.

The information gathered at the site indicated that the distension of the mountain’s slopes was much more rapid this during the current event than that observed during the 2006 event.

On 26 October the head of the Indonesian Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, Surono, repeated his earlier statements that the greatest concern was the pressure building behind a massive lava dome that has formed near the tip of the crater. "The energy is building up. ... We hope it will release slowly," he said. "Otherwise we're looking at a potentially huge eruption, bigger than anything we've seen in years".Surono also said that said the distension of the mountain’s slopes was much more rapid this time around, indicating a higher-pressure build-up of gas and hence a much more explosive eruption and speculated that Merapi may erupt explosively, as it did in 1930, and not just eject gas as in 2006 eruptions.

# 2. Mount Rinjani

Lombok is home to one of the most impressive volcanoes in Indonesia, Mount Rinjani, at 3726m high, not just because it is Indonesia's second highest volcano but for it's scenery as well. Mount Rinjani is surrounded by a spectacular cobalt blue lake. It is a popular 3 day hike stretching from Senaru to the crater rim, down to the cobalt blue crater lake and then on to Sembulan Lawang. The trek has superb ocean and mountain views and the chance to spot barking deer, macaques and civets.

# 3 Mount Bromo

Gunung Bromo (2329m) is located in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park in Java close to Surabaya. You can ride miniature Tennggerese ponies to it's rim through the night to reach the summit in time for a magic sun rise over Java's scenic landscape.

# 4 Mount Semeru

Gunung Semeru is Java's highest volcano at 3676m. Known locally as Mahameru or great mountain. Hindus consider Mount Semeru as Indonesia's most sacred mountain, the father of Bali's Mount Agung. Legend tells the story of gods moving Semeru from the Himalayas, scattering other peaks all through Java. It is an active volcano though is still able to be climbed if you are prepared for the 3 days hike.

# 5 Mount Anak Krakatau

Gunung Krakatua or Krakatau (813m) is probably the most famous volcano in the world after it's massive explosion in 1883. 4600Km away people thought they heard loud gunfire. The explosion was heard in Sydney Australia with an estimated force of 10,000 Hiroshima bombs.

Since the explosion in 1883, which ripped apart the mountain the volcano has been growing in size every year spawning what is called now Anak Krakatua (Baby of Krakatau). It is now larger then when it exploded in 1883. In the last few years volcanic activity has been increasing and there is now a 1km zone around the island to prevent people from approaching, so no longer can you gain access to the island.

# 6 Mount Agung

Bali's most active volcano, Gunung Agung (3142m) is entwined in Balinese culture. Most temples in Bali has a shrine dedicated to Mount Agung. There is an annual festival during the 10th lunar month at the Pura Basakih ('mother temple') on the slopes of Agung. It's a relatively easy hike to the top. Most treks leave at 10pm to make it to the summit for sunrise.

# 7 Mount Kerinci

Gunung Kerinci is Sumatra's highest mountain at 3805m, located in the Kerinci Seblat National Park close to Jambi. Recent years has seen an increase in volcanic activity preventing trekking to the summit. There is a 1km exclusion zone around Mount Kerinci preventing hiking any closer though many people still climb it regardless of the warnings.

# 8 Mount Sumbing

Midway between Jogjakarta and Semarang in Java, around 125km away from each, Gunung Sumbing (3371m) is considered the husband volcano of Gunung Sundoro (3136m). It is a perfectly shaped cone which holds the remains of one of the holy men that brought Islam to Indonesia. At the end of Ramadan, Idul Fitri is celebrated and devotees trek to the top to show their respect. It is a difficult climb to the top with steep slopes and sulphuric gas escaping from vents along the route to the top. From the top there is a spectacular view looking down over clouds atop the Javanese landscape.

# 9 Mount Batur
Gunung Batur (1717m) is the female counterpart of Gunung Agung (3142m). Both located on the island of Bali. At the bottom is a crater lake 11km in diameter. There is great views to the mountain and over the lake from Penelokan. There is an easy hike down to the base of Gunung Batur where there are hot springs with believed healing properties. Recent activity has made climbing to the top of this volcano extremely dangerous.

# 10 Mount Sibayak

Mount Sibayak (2100m) over looks the town of Berastagi in North Sumatra just a 2 hour bus trip from Medan. At most times there are vents of steam seeping from the top of Sibayak. It's a fairly easy 3 hour walk to the top and stone steps to find your way down. At the bottom of Sibayak are hot springs to relax in after the climb.

Volcanoes of Indonesia

Gunung Kerinci (3805m) Jambi

Gunung Rinjani (3726m) Lombok

Gunung Semeru (3676m) Java

Gunung Sumbing (3371m) Java

Gunung Dempo (3159m) Lampung

Gunung Agung (3142m) Bali

Gunung Sundoro (3136m) Java

Gunung Ciremay (3078m) Cirebon

Gunung Pangrango (3019m) Bogor

Gunung Merapi (2968m) Yogyakarta

Gunung Gede (2958m) Bogor

Gunung Talakmau (2919m) Bukittinggi

Gunung Marapi (2891m) Bukittinggi

Gunung Geureudong (2885m) Sumatra

Gunung Singgalang (2880m) Bukittinggi

Gunung Patah (2817m) Sumatra

Gunung Peuet Sague (2801m) Sumatra

Gunung Tambora (2722m) Sumbawa

Gunung Talang (2597m) Sumatra

Gunung Sumbing (2507m) Sumatra

Gunung Bukit Daun (2467m) Sumatra

Gunung Tandikat (2438m) Sumatra

Gunung Sinabung (2400m) Berastagi

Gunung Bromo (2329m) Surabaya

Gunung Kembar (2245m) Sumatra

Gunung Salak (2211m). Bogor

Gunung Kunyit (2151m) Sumatra

Gunung Sorikmarapi (2145m) Sumatra

Gunung Sibayak (2100m) Berastagi

Bukit Lamah Balai (2055m) Sumatra

Gunung Hutapanjang (2021m) Sumatra

Gunung Belirang-Beriti (1958m) Sumatra

Gunung Kaba (1952m) Sumatra

Gunung Besar (1899m) Sumatra

Gunung Lubukraya (1862m) Sumatra

Gunung Soputan (1825m) Sulawesi

Gunung Sibualbuali (1819m) Sumatra

Gunung Seulawah Agam (1810m) Sumatra

Gunung Batur (1717m) Bali

Gunung Lokon-Empung (1580m) Sulawesi

Gunung Imun (1505m) Sumatra

Gunung Dua Saudara (1351m) Sulawesi

Gunung Awu (1320m) Sulawesi

Gunung Mahawu (1311m) Sulawesi

Gunung Rajabasa (1281m) Lampung

Gunung Tongkoko (1149m) Sulawesi

Gunung Anak Krakatau (813m) Lampung

Gunung Weh (617m) Pulau Weh

Gunung Colo (508) Sulawesi

Gunung Banua Wuhu Sulawesi

Gunung Ruang Sulawesi

Gunung Karangetang Sulawesi


Programs to recover (crack) forgotten RAR/WinRAR passwords.

If you are looking for free softwares to extract rar files without password, then here are some simple tools to open locked rar file archives. Simply download them you might jut be able to extract files from password protectedRar files.

Extract Files from Password Protected RAR Files

1. Winrar Unlock

Winrar Unlock was designed to unlock winrar archives (including SFX) allowing you to modify the content freely. With Winrar archive lock to prevent modification, people cannot change the content in it, cannot change the comment and so on. Through some patching of few bytes, you are able to modify your archive with ease.

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2. RAR Password Cracker

This program is intended to recover lost passwords for RAR/ WinRAR archives of versions 2.xx and 3.xx. The program finds by the method of exhaustive search all possible combinations of characters ("bruteforce" method), or using passwords from lists ("wordlist" or "dictionary" method). Self-extracting archives and multivolume archives are supported.

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The program is able to save a current state (you can interrupt the program at any time, and restart from the same state later).

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Advanced RAR Password Recovery allows users to recover the lost password for a RAR archive. At the moment, there is no known method to extract the password from the compressed file; so the only available methods are "brute force" and dictionary-based attacks.

Here are some key features of "Advanced RAR Password Recovery":

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4. Acubix PicoZip Recovery Tool

Acubix PicoZip Recovery Tool is an easy-to-use program that helps you recover lost or forgotten passwords from password protected Zip files created by compression utilities like PicoZip, WinZip, PKZip, etc. It's an award winning file compression utility for Microsoft Windows users. Its intuitive user interface is extremely easy to use, while its wide ranging support for most file compression formats and comprehensive feature set makes PicoZip the only archive utility you will ever need.

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RAR Password Recovery is a powerful tool to recover lost (forgotten) passwords for a RAR/WinRAR (2.xx and 3.xx) archives. The program supports the "brute-force" attack, dictionary-based attack and dramatically fastest "Booost-Up" attack. The program is able to resume the previous interrupted attack. The software is shareware.

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Note : Most of the time for password protected RAR files for eg. the password is in the name it self. In this case the password is


elephant-vs-crocodileDuring this often heard how fierce tiger or lion hunt African prey like a horse, cow, bull, buffalo, deer and the like. Or crocodiles that lurk the animals were drinking near the swamp hideout.

But there is a rare occurrence that was caught on camera amateur photographer named Johan Opperman (38) when visiting the Kruger National Park in South Africa. This photo published The Sun Daily, October 28.

In the photo it appears the child of elephan is drinking fresh water with its trunk swamp water. Suddenly, a large crocodile emerged from the swamp of proboscis was immediately clamped with a strong molar teeth.

Of attraction between child elephant with crocodile take a few moments. Children elephant also has a strong power so it can pull it up to the mainland crocodile marsh boundary.

Children elephant was roaring and called his family shortly elephant troupe came to help.

The elephant was trying to save the child with wail and stepped on his foot alligator body. The scene is much like the fight between an elephant against a crocodile.

Because the herd of elephants and crocodiles beaten for his life, eventually prey is in sight it was secrete.


human rightsRespect for human rights, and their promotion and protection, are enshrined in our national Constitution and further promulgated through various laws and legislation. These constitutional mandates are reflected in our membership of the Commission on Human Rights and, now, the Human Rights Council.

It is our strong conviction that the Council will bring about changes on the ground and promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.

This year, the Council will enter its fourth-year cycle and it is therefore, timely for us to make an honest assessment of whether this august body has fulfilled its mandate.

In Indonesia’s experience as a member of the Council, the innovative Universal Periodic Review mechanism (UPR) has proved an inclusive and impartial process and promoted dialogue and cooperation among States. The Council has indeed proved to be more effective than its predecessor.

Nevertheless, there is still a need to preserve and build on the Council’s achievements and to redress its shortcomings.

We believe that the work of the Council could be enhanced in certain areas, notably through greater rationalization of meetings and resolutions. The matters of polarization and the politicization of human rights issues also need to be effectively addressed.

We are concerned that there are still significant gaps between resolutions and their actual implementation, as the perennial issue of Palestine demonstrates. Therefore, it is imperative that the Council remains committed to taking concrete steps to ensure the implementation of its resolutions.

We also note that more work should be done to address the economic, social and cultural rights for all, including the right to development and protection of migrant workers.

We also hope the review process will serve its purpose without diverting from the substantive work and main objectives of the Council. The review process should be transparent, inclusive, consensus-based and non-politicized. We should not repair what is not broken.

We share the view that development, human rights, and democracy are inseparable and mutually reinforcing. This strong correlation reflects the fact that economic development is conducive to democracy. Indeed, democracy is not an end in itself; it is also a means of fostering human rights and development.

Indonesia has recently experienced robust political developments with successful legislative and presidential elections held in 2009. This process has been further enhanced by more effective functioning of democratic institutions in the country.

We have also made considerable progress over the past ten years with the implementation of the National Action Plan on Human Rights, notably with regard to the six pillars of the Plan. Now we embark on the third phase, emphasizing the empowerment of the human rights machinery at local and provincial level.

Our government development strategies have also adopted a human rights dimension, incorporating a triple-track “pro-poor, pro-growth and pro-job” approach. In addition, these development strategies aim to expedite our efforts to fulfill our Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) commitments.


As a multi-ethnic and pluralistic society, Indonesia has a responsibility to promote tolerance and understanding among different cultures, religions and political systems. Several initiatives have been conducted, including various interfaith dialogues, Global Inter-media Dialogues, and the Bali Democracy Forum. We recently held the second Bali Democracy Forum in December 2009 which focused on promoting synergy between democracy and development.

In our region, we have recently established the ASEAN Inter-Governmental Commission on Human Rights. It is our hope that the future evolutionary work of this Commission will strike a balance between the promotion and protection aspects in accordance with international standards.

Similarly, as mandated by its Charter, the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is establishing the Independent Permanent Commission on Human Rights. Indonesia foresees that this future Commission will be credible and independent, and will strengthen efforts in promoting and protecting the human rights of its people.

The end of Indonesia's membership of the Council in June of this year shall not lessen our commitment to this body. Indonesia will continue to contribute actively to the work of the Council.

Human rights remain paramount in the affairs of our nation. To this end, Indonesia presents its candidature to the Council for the period 2011-2014 and kindly requests the valuable support of the members.

Finally, Indonesia’s efforts to promote and protect human rights are ongoing and part of a lifelong process. We know that history will judge every step we take. We certainly hope that this august Council’s legacy will benefit our future generations.

This edited article was presented by Ambassador Dian Triansyah Djani - The Permanent Representative of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations, World Trade Organization and other international organizations in Geneva - during his speech at the General Segment of the 13th Session of the Human Rights Council, Geneva 3 March 2010

• VIVAnews


Many of the drama happening in Thailand. However, the drama of this one so special because Finance Minister Korn Chatikavanij to play in a soap opera.

This was done to support the government's propaganda in the television commercial. Korn appeared in soap operas Wanida to promote a government program to help people a great debt.

In the show, a character who has a debt say they have found a way to avoid the debt trap. A moment later, Korn performing in a hall to explain how the program is run. "The government of Prime Minister Abhisit VejjajivaAbhisit Vejjajiva has helped more than 500,000 people and reduce the debt of 3 billion baht or 100 million U.S. dollars per month. Fortunately, Mr. Prajuab been enrolled in the program, "Korn said referring to the figures that were in debt.

By the elections next year, Korn government has imposed some populist policies to help get attention from people in the northern region. Most of the population in the region was a supporter of "Red Shirts" that anti-government. This group conducted a large demonstration in the streets of Bangkok this year. Last September, the cabinet passed a draft law governing the collection of funds by financial institutions related to the moneylenders.



1. Check your Extensions and Themes:

If you have a number of Extensions and Themes installed on your Firefox, try to minimize them, remove those which are not in use or you don't really need. You can check it by opening Firefox in safe mode. Here's how you do it:

  1. Close your Firefox browser.
  2. From the desktop, click Start > Run.

  3. Key in, firefox -safe-mode.

  4. You'll see a new window called "Firefox Safe Mode".

    • Just select the options displayed and if you click "Make Changes and Restart", Firefox applies changes and restarts in normal mode.
    • If you choose to select "Continue in Safe Mode" no settings will be applied.
    • If you choose to "Exit" the browser will just exit without saving any settings.

2. Check the Plug-ins

Firefox Plug-ins consume memory when in use. It is always important to check and update your plug-ins to the latest version. It is also good to uninstall all those plug-ins that are not in use.

3. Clear Download History

Keeping the Download History can cause extensive usage of memory and this can slow down or freeze Firefox.

  1. Delete the "downloads.rdf" file to clear the download history.
  2. You need to make a little change to the browser setting. Here's what you do:
  3. Open Firefox browser.
  4. From the menu bar, click Tools -> Options.

  5. Click Privacy. Un-check the "Remember What I've downloaded" check box.

4. Restart Firefox Periodically

There might be a constant increase in the memory usage if you are using Firefox for a long period of time or handling multiple sessions.
  1. Consider restarting your browser periodically so that it can maintain a constant memory usage.
  2. Download and Install Session Manager Extension, which would save the current text data, history and cookies. It allows you to maintain the opened web pages when Firefox is closed.

5. Assign Memory Cache on Firefox:

Firefox doesn't use memory cache and uses system memory by default, it is good to assign a fixed memory cache to reduce the usage of memory. Here's how you do it:

  1. Open the Firefox browser.
  2. Key in about:config in the address bar.

  3. Key in browser.cache.memory.enable in the Filter field.

  4. Ensure the value of the above item is set it true, if not, double-click on it to set it to true.
  5. Right-click in the browser and select New -> Integer from the pop-up.

  6. Key in, browser.cache.memory.capacity, click OK.

  7. You need to enter a value here and that value depends upon the RAM your computer has.

  8. if you have:
    1. 256MB RAM - Enter "4096".
    2. 512MB RAM - Enter "8192".
  9. Note: If you have 128MB or less RAM then you need to upgrade your RAM. It is not very expensive.
Important: If you want to restore to default settings then change browser.cache.memory.capacity value to -1 (minus 1).

6. Release Memory when Firefox is minimized

  1. Open the Firefox browser.
  2. Key about:config in the address bar.

  3. Right-click in the browser and select New -> Boolean from the pop-up.

  4. In the popup box enter config.trim_on_minimize. Click OK.

  5. Select True and then click OK.

  6. Restart Firefox.